Risk Factors

These are the factors, which unless addressed, are associated with the greatest potential for people misusing drugs. There are many risk factors for drug abuse, each representing a challenge to the psychological and social development of an individual and each having a differential impact depending on the phase of development. Risk factors include:

  • Chaotic home environments particularly in which parents abuse substances
  • Ineffective parenting
  • Behaviour problems
  • Poor school performance
  • Poor social and coping skills
  • Affiliations with deviant peers
  • Perceptions of approval of drug using behaviour
  • Shy and/or aggressive behaviour
  • Mental health problems
  • Living in high prevalence of use areas